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How a Vibrating Smartwatch Could Be Used to Stop Nightmares

Added 12-01-20 07:06:02am EST - “The FDA has given NightWare clearance to market a "digital therapeutic" device that uses an Apple Watch to interrupt PTSD-related nightmares.” - Wired.com

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Posted By TheNewsCommenter: From Wired.com: “How a Vibrating Smartwatch Could Be Used to Stop Nightmares”. Below is an excerpt from the article.

Every night, Patrick Skluzacek woke with his heart pounding and his T-shirt drenched with sweat. The details of his nightmares often slipped away when he snapped his eyes open, but he knew their broad strokes. He was back in the Iraq War, trekking to or from the hellish insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, alert to ever-present danger as he commanded a convoy of fuel tankers to supply a Marine base. Even years after he returned home, his racing mind couldn’t adapt to the calm of civilian life.

After a while, the fear of the nightmares became more destructive than the nightmares themselves. Skluzacek recalls trying to obliterate them with antidepressants, anti-anxiety meds, sleeping pills, and increasing quantities of alcohol. Nothing worked for long. The nightmares returned like a nightly horror show. He figures he was getting about two hours of sleep a night.

Skluzacek’s life went into a downward spiral—he got divorced and lost his job as a mechanic—and he struggled to persevere. Then in 2015, eight years after Skluzacek returned from the war, his son Tyler had an idea.

Tyler Skluzacek, then a senior at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, imagined programming a smartwatch to monitor and disrupt nightmares. He entered HackDC 2015, a 36-hour hackathon dedicated to finding innovative ways to help people with post-traumatic stress disorder. His team programmed a Pebble watch (an early but now-defunct wearable) to measure heart rate and body movements during sleep. It would send vibrations to the wearer’s wrist when those indicators increased, signaling the beginning of a nightmare. The younger Skluzacek got his idea from the work of service dogs, who lick or nudge veterans with PTSD who are thrashing or moaning in their sleep, to disrupt their nightmares and allow them to sleep more peacefully. The day after he returned home from the hackathon, Tyler brought the prototype to his father. “I was literally building the thing for my dad,” he says. “On the ride home, I had no intention of turning this into a company.”

Upon hearing that this son wanted to help, the elder Skluzacek cried. Then he began wearing the device. “I slept like a baby,” says Patrick, who has since remarried and is now working as a mechanic again. His nightmares are mostly gone, and he no longer uses the device.

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