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Factbox-Major finance milestones as Hong Kong marks 25 years since handover

Added 06-28-22 12:04:02am EST - “Hong Kong returned to China in 1997 after 156 years of British colonial rule. The Hong Kong dollar was pegged to the U.S. dollar on October 17, 1983, with a trading band of between 7.75 and 7.85 per US dollar imposed since 2005. The…” - News.yahoo.com

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Posted By TheNewsCommenter: From News.yahoo.com: “Factbox-Major finance milestones as Hong Kong marks 25 years since handover”. Below is an excerpt from the article.

HONG KONG (Reuters) - Hong Kong returned to China in 1997 after 156 years of British colonial rule. Here are some major milestones for the city's financial markets:

The Hong Kong dollar was pegged to the U.S. dollar on October 17, 1983, with a trading band of between 7.75 and 7.85 per US dollar imposed since 2005. The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), the city's de-facto central bank, regularly enters the market to buy or sell the currency to keep it within the band.

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China became the first company to execute an IPO simultaneously in Shanghai and Hong Kong in 2006 when it issued A-shares and H-shares to raise US$21.9 billion, the largest deal in the world at the time.

Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect was created in 2014 to provide mutual access between the equity markets of Hong Kong and mainland China. Two years later, the programme was expanded to Hong Kong and Shenzhen Stock Connect, which allowed mainland investors access to smaller companies in Hong Kong and international investors access to new economy companies listed in Shenzhen. The connect programmes now cover about 2000 stocks, according to Hong Kong's Securities and Futures Commission (SFC). In May, China's securities regulator agreed to include exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in stock connect programmes with Hong Kong.

In 2017, Bond Connect was launched to replicate the equity schemes and allow foreign investors to invest via Hong Kong in China's multi-trillion bond market. The Northbound Bond Connect has become a major channel for foreign investors seeking access to China's bond market. In September last year, China said it would permit its investors to trade offshore debt with the opening of the "Southbound" leg of its Bond Connect channel.

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